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Minerals – Types,Distribution, Importance and Conservation
It is a very precious element. It was initially found in India . Kohinoor diamond of India is world known . In India , diamond mines are in Patna , Satna and Chhattarpur districts of Madhya Pradesh. Madhya Pradesh ranks first in the production of Diamond in India. It is also found in Anantpur, Guntur, Cuddapah, Kurnool , Krishna and Godavari . Janad of Andhra Pradesh and Bellary Janpad of Karnataka . It is also found in Chanda district of Maharashtra , Sambalpur district of Orissa and Banda and Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh .
Other minerals found in India are Silver , Limestone , Asbestos , Chromite , Magnesite, Elmanite , Gypsum , Kyanite, Monozite , Salt and Lead.
Minerals are a valuable gift of nature. They are formed in crores of years and are limited . Man is exploiting nature for development , due to which quantity of minerals is decreasing . Its ill effects can be seen by the end of 21st Century. Competition for exploiting valuable and useful minerals has increased so much that one country may invade the other . Natural balance is disturbing due to exploitation of minerals . Whereas over use of these minerals substances increase pollution in the environment. It is necessary to conserve mineral substances for the future generations.
Conservation of Minerals –
Conservation of Minerals can be done by the following methods –
1.Every country should realize that this welth of nature is also for future generations. Therefore the exploitation of minerals in the race of economic development should be limited so that a balance between man and nature is maintained. Human qualities should not be deteriorated due to competition. Each country should try to find the substitute of these minerals . With the feelings of world brotherhood.
2.Materials which are polluting the environment should not be used.
3.U.N. should monitor exploitation and use of minerals by the countries.