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today we are discuss in UN informations about competitions purpose UN Information
The official languages of the UN are Arabic , Chinese , English , French , Russian And Spanish.
THE UN FLAG
The UN flag was adopted by the General Assembly in October 1947. It Consists of the UN emblem in white on a medium light blue background.
THE UN OFFICIAL SEAL
The official Seal and emblem of the United Nations is a map of the world ,as seen from the North Pole surrounded by a wreath of olive branches.
Main organs of the United Nations
The UN does its day – to -day works through its six main organs. These are –
- The General Assembly
- The Security Council
- The Economic And Social Council
- The Trusteeship Council
- The International Court of Justice
- The Secretariat
1.General Assembly : –
The General Assembly is like a world parliament consisting of all member states of the UN each having one vote in the assembly .All member countries have equal voting rights and can attend the annual general meeting by sending a team of five members at the maximum by September 2002 , the total membership of the General Assembly had reached to 191.
Power and Functions –
The General Assembly discusses all matters within the scope of the UN Charter . It takes decisions on major policy Questions with regards to the activities the organisation would undertake in the coming year.
The General Assembly receives and considers reports of other organs of the UN. It admits new members recommended by the security Council and appoints the Secretary General again on the Security Councils recommendation.
It Elects the 10 non- permanent members of the Security Council . It appoints with the Security Council the judges of the international court of justice.Both the organs vote for the judges independently.
The Finance of the UN are controlled by the General Assembly.
The General Assembly meets every year on the third Tuesday of September.
2.Security Council : –
There are five permanent and 10 non -Permanent members of the Security Council . The Five Permanent members which enjoy Veto Power are China, France , the Russian Federation , the United Kingdom and the United States.
if a permanent member does not agree with a decision it can cast a negative vote.
The Primary responsibility of the Security Council is to maintain peace ,settle disputes amicably and check aggression ,which might endanger international peace and security.
Functions and Powers : –
The Following are the functions of the Council.
- To Maintain Peace and Security in the world according to the principles of the UN.
- TO INVESTIGATE SITUATIONS THAT CAN LEAD TO FRICTION.
- To Recommended methods for setting such disputes.
- To Draw guidelines for arms limitation.
- To Decide what action should be taken when there is a threat to peace.
6.To ask for member countries help in preventing aggression. However, the use of arms is ruled out.
- To take military action against aggressors.
- To Recommend the admission of the new members.
- To act as trustees in strategic areas .(areas where peace is disturbed )
- To recommend the appointment of the Secretary General.
- With the General Assembly to elect the judges of the international Court of Justice .
- To Submit Special reports to the General Assembly. 3. ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL
The Economic and Social Council or ECOSOC. As it is often called is the principal organ for Co-Ordinating the Economic and social work of the United Nations.The Council has 54 members who serve for 3 years. Each year 18 are elected for a three years terms to replace those 18 members whose 3- years terms have expired . Voting in the Economic and Social Council is by simple majority. each member has one vote.
Power And Functions : –
The Council works under the authority of the General Assembly and is responsible for initiating international Cooperation in economic . Social ,Cultural ,educational , health and related fields to promote respect for the observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all.
It plans economic development ,financial and technical assistance to the less developed countries, population programmes , human right, children’s development, use of natural resources and improvement of living standards.
The Council performs its functions through commissions committees and other subsidiary bodies. It keeps in touch with a number of non – governmental organisations. it coordinates the work of the specialised agencies such as WHO ,ILO,FAO and the UNESCO . The Council generally holds two month – long sessions each year.
4.Trusteeship Council : –
The Trusteeship Council was assigned the task of supervising the administration of trust Territories under the Trusteeship System. The aim of the System was to promote the advancement of the system was to promote the advancement of the inhabitants of Trust Territories and their progressive development towards self- government or independence.
These aims of the Trusteeship system have been completely successful . The last and Eleventh Trusteeship Palau achieved independence in November 1994 and became a member of the UN in December the same year . The Council now meets as and when the occasion may arise .
5.The International Court of Justice
The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organs of the UN . The Court Consists of 15 Judges , elected by the general Assembly and the Security Council , voting independently. The are chosen on the basis of their Qualifications and not on the basis of nationality . however no two judges can be nationals of the same state. The judges serve for a term of nine years and may be re-elected . they cannot engage in any other occupation during their term of office.
The court normally sits in plenary session. but it may also form smaller units called chamber if the parties so request . the court also gives advisory opinion on all matters referred to it by an organ or agency of the UN Member states can refer matters to it such as border disputes fishing , mineral right and member to do with the UN
Charter . The Seat of the Court is at the Hague , Netherlands .