UN Information

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The official languages of the UN are Arabic ,  Chinese , English , French , Russian And Spanish.


The UN flag was adopted by the General Assembly in  October 1947. It  Consists of the  UN emblem in white on a medium light blue background.


The official Seal and emblem of the United Nations is a map of the world ,as  seen from the  North Pole surrounded by a wreath of  olive branches.

Main organs of the United Nations 
The UN does its day – to -day works through its six main  organs. These are –
  1. The General Assembly
  2. The Security Council
  3. The Economic And Social Council
  4. The Trusteeship Council
  5. The International Court of Justice
  6. The Secretariat
1.General Assembly : – 

 The  General Assembly is like a world parliament consisting of all  member states of the  UN  each having  one vote in the  assembly .All member  countries have  equal  voting rights and  can attend  the  annual general meeting by  sending a team  of five members at the maximum by  September 2002 , the total membership  of the General Assembly had reached to 191.

Power and Functions  –

   The General Assembly discusses all matters within  the scope of the UN  Charter . It takes decisions on major policy Questions with regards to  the  activities  the  organisation would undertake in the  coming  year.

              The General Assembly receives and  considers reports of other organs of the UN. It  admits new members  recommended  by the  security Council and  appoints the  Secretary General  again on the  Security Councils recommendation. 

 It Elects the 10 non- permanent  members of the  Security Council . It appoints with the  Security Council the  judges of  the  international court of justice.Both the  organs vote  for the  judges independently.

             The  Finance of the UN  are controlled by the General   Assembly.

 The General Assembly meets every year on the  third Tuesday of September. 

2.Security Council : – 

There  are five  permanent and 10 non -Permanent members of the Security Council . The Five Permanent members which enjoy Veto Power  are China, France , the Russian  Federation , the  United Kingdom and  the  United States.

if a permanent member  does not agree with a decision it can  cast a negative vote.

The Primary responsibility of the  Security Council is to maintain peace ,settle disputes amicably and  check aggression ,which might endanger international peace and  security.

Functions and Powers : –

The Following are the  functions of the Council.

  1. To Maintain Peace and  Security in the  world according to the  principles of the UN.
  3. To Recommended methods for  setting such disputes.
  4. To Draw guidelines for arms limitation.
  5. To Decide what action should be taken when there is a threat to peace.

6.To ask for  member countries help in preventing aggression. However, the use of arms  is ruled out.

  1. To take military action against aggressors.
  2. To Recommend the  admission of the  new members.
  3. To act as trustees in  strategic areas .(areas where peace is disturbed )
  4. To recommend the  appointment of the  Secretary General.
  5. With the  General Assembly  to elect the  judges of the  international Court of Justice .
  6.  To Submit Special reports to the  General Assembly.                                                                                              3. ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL 

The Economic and Social Council or ECOSOC. As it is often called is the  principal organ for Co-Ordinating the Economic and  social work of the United Nations.The Council has  54 members who serve for 3 years. Each year 18 are  elected for  a  three years terms to replace those 18 members whose 3- years terms have expired . Voting in  the Economic and Social Council is  by simple majority. each member has  one vote.

Power And Functions : –

The Council works under the  authority of the  General Assembly and  is responsible for  initiating  international Cooperation in economic . Social ,Cultural ,educational , health and  related fields to  promote respect for  the observance  of human rights and  fundamental freedoms for all.

                   It  plans economic development ,financial and  technical assistance to the  less developed countries, population programmes , human right, children’s development, use of  natural resources and improvement of living standards.

  The Council performs its functions through commissions committees  and other subsidiary bodies. It keeps in touch with a number of non – governmental organisations. it coordinates the  work of the  specialised agencies such as WHO ,ILO,FAO and the UNESCO . The Council generally holds two month – long sessions each year.

4.Trusteeship Council : –

The Trusteeship Council was assigned the  task of  supervising the  administration of trust Territories under the Trusteeship  System. The aim of the  System was to  promote the  advancement of the  system was to  promote the  advancement of the  inhabitants of Trust  Territories and their progressive development towards self- government or independence.

          These aims of the  Trusteeship system have been completely successful . The last and  Eleventh Trusteeship Palau achieved  independence in November 1994 and became a member of the UN in  December the  same year . The  Council now meets as and when the  occasion may arise .

5.The International Court of Justice

The International Court of Justice is the  principal  judicial organs of the UN . The Court  Consists of 15 Judges , elected by the  general Assembly and the  Security Council , voting  independently. The  are  chosen  on the  basis of their Qualifications and  not on the basis  of  nationality . however no two  judges can be nationals of the  same state. The  judges serve for a term of  nine years and  may be  re-elected  . they cannot engage in any other  occupation during their term of office. 

                   The court normally sits in plenary session. but it may also form smaller units called chamber if the  parties so request . the court  also gives advisory opinion on all matters referred to it by an organ or  agency of the  UN  Member states can  refer matters to it such as  border  disputes fishing , mineral  right and  member to do with the UN  

Charter .  The  Seat of the   Court is at the Hague , Netherlands  .