Olympic games - ENGLISH BY RAGHVENDRA SIR
Olympic games

Olympic games

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Today we are going to tell you  Model  Unseen Passage – Olympic games friends its important to Board Exam . Friend if you like  read and  share it Model  Unseen Passage-Olympic games

Model  Unseen Passage

Class -10th  

Special English 

Q. 1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow :-

Telescope is the main tool of the modern astronomer to study stars and other celestial objects. Telescopes are arrangement of lenses and mirrors which make objects look closer than they really are.  However,  even with the biggest telescope a star looks like only a point  of  light though this light carries very useful information about the star. The light waves can reveal the make-up of the star and how hot the star is. A telescope also receives the whole range of radiations like radio waves and x-rays given out by a star. Astronomers do not see through telescope. Instead they use them as big cameras to take photographs of the night sky. Telescopes use curved mirrors to collect the light. The largest telescopes have mirrors six metres across. Astronomers use two main kinds of telescopes. They differ in the way they collect and focus the light from the stars. Reflector is a kind of telescope that uses mirrors and the refractor is   a kind of telescope that uses lenses.

Questions

(a)    How do the astronomers use telescope?      01

    1. they see through
    2. they use it to take photograph of the night
    3. they use it at the time of

(b)    Refractor telescope uses            01

  1. mirrors
  2. mirrors and lenses both
  3. only lenses

(c)     The word in the passage similar in meaning to ‘ a round shape’ is   01

  1. across
  2. curved
  3. lenses

(d)   What is a telescope?      01

(e)  What information about a star can be revealed by the light   waves coming from it? 02

(f)   What are the two different kinds of telescope? How do they  differ? 02

Model  Unseen Passage

Q. 2. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow :-

Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm and his younger brother Wilheim Carl Grimm were the oldest of six children of a lawyer in Germany. Their childhood days were idylic. In 1791, the family moved  to  Steiman,  another little town of Germany where the father was employed as District Magistrate. Here they lived in a great style, in a large turreted stone house that was also the local court-house. In 1796, came the tragedy that was to change their lives – the death of their father. The family had to vacate the government quarter and move into a smaller house. The boys had a  difficult time at school. They were alone and their schoolmates looked down upon them because of their poverty. To forget their woes, they devoted all their time to study, both became brilliant students. However,  the excessive physical effort caused Wilheim to fall ill with asthma. while at university Jacob Chanced to meet a Law Professor, Friedrich Carl Von Savingny. Impressed by the youth’s interest in research, the professor gave him access to his private library. He had a vast collection of rare manuscripts of folklore and medieval literature. Jacob spent hours reading these. He was filled with zeal to preserve these stories for posterity and to protect Germany’s endangered oral tradition of folklores, a zeal shared by his brother. Thus Jacob and Wilheim began collecting ancient German folktales from various storytellers. In 1812,  they finally published their  first book “Children’s and Household Tales’.

Questions

(a)   The tragedy that changed the lives of the two brothers was ……………..  01 

  1. the transfer of their
  2. the death of their
  3. the sickness of their

(b)   What did the two brothers do to forget  their woes.   01

  1. They started working in a
  2. They started working in a
  3. They devoted all their time to

(c)   Supply one word for, ‘the chest disease that makes breathing difficult’ ;    01

 

  1. asthma
  2. heart attack
  3. tuberculosis

(d)   A   copy   of   a   book   before   it   has   been   printed   is   called its ………………….. 01

  1. rough copy
  2. manuscript
  3. library copy

(e)  What  hardships  were  faced  by  the  two  brothers,  after  their father’s death.  02

(f)    How did Professor Friedrich help  02

Model  Unseen Passage

Q.3.  Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow :-

Olympic games were the most famous of the four great national festivals of the ancient Greeks, the other three being the Isthmian Games, the Pythian Games, and the Nemean Games. The ancient Olympic Games were celebrated in the summer every four years in the sanctuary of the god Zeus at Olympia. The history of the games dates from 776 B C.

Early in the year of the Games, envoys were sent throughout the Greek world to invite the city-states to join in paying tribute to Zeus. The city-states then dispatched groups to vie with one another in the splendour of their equipment and the proficiency of their athletic feats. The competitions were open only to honourable men of Greek descent.

The order of the events is not precisely known, but the first day of the festival was devoted to sacrifices. The second day began, in all probability, with footraces, for which the spectators gathered in the  stadium, an oblong area enclosed by sloping banks of earth. On other days, Wresthing , boxing and the pancratium, a combination of the two, were held. In the first of these sports, the object was to throw the antagonist to  the ground three times. Boxing became more and more brutal; at first the fighters wound straps of soft leather over their fingers as a means if deadening the blows, but in later times hard leather, sometimes weighted with metal, was used. In the pancratium, the most rigorous  of the sports,  the contest continued until one of the participants acknowledged defeat.

Horse racing, in which each entrant owned his horse, was confined to the wealthy but was nevertheless a popular attraction. After the horse racing came the pentathlon, a series of five events ; wrestling, discus throwing, javelin hurling, long jumping and sprinting. The exact sequence of the sports and the method used to determine the winner are not known. The discuss was a plate of bronze, probably lens shaped. The javelin was hurled with the aid of a strap wound about the shaft, producing a rotary motion for greater distance and accuracy. The jumping event  was judged for distance, not for height.

Questions

(a)     Pentathlon is a series of five events which are;           01

    1. Wrestling, boxing, badminton, hockey,
    2. Wrestling, discus throwing, javeline hurling, long jumping and
    3. Javeline hurling, high jumping, discus throwing, sprinting and long
    4. Boxing discus throwing, javeline hurling, sprinting and long jumping.

(b)     The discus was            01

  1. a discussion about the game
  2. a dispute of players
  3. a plate of bronze
  4. a plastic ball

(c) The word similar in meaning to ‘ messengers  ‘ is       01

  1. to invite
  2. envoys
  3. footraces
  4. entrants

(d)The one word used for, ‘  violent and cruel ‘, in the passage is ……………     01 

(i) rigorous
(ii) fighting
(iii) brutal
(iv) defeat
(e) Name the four famous festivals of the ancient Greek.  02
(f) When and where were the ancient Olympic games played? 02
(g) What were the two main motives behind the Olympic games? 02
(h) How did boxing become more and more brutal? 02
(i) When was a wrestler declared to be the winner? 02

 

ABC

Model  Unseen Passage

Model   Answers  Sheet 

Q.1

Ans.

(a) they use it to take photograph of the night sky.
(b) only lenses.
(c) curved.
(d) Telescope is the main tool of the modern astronomer to study
stars and other celestial objects.
(e) The light waves reveal the make up of the star and how hot the  star is  .
(f) The telescopes are of two two kinds :- Reflector and Refractor. In
reflector telescopes mirrors are used whereas lenses are used in
refractor telescope.
Q.2

Ans.

(a) the death of their father
(b) they devoted all their time to study
(c) asthma
(d) manuscript
(e) The family had to vacate the govt. quarter and move into a small
house. Their schoolmates looked down upon them because of
their poverty.
(f) Prof. friedrich helped him by giving access to his private library
where he got an opportunity to read manuscripts of folklore and
medieval literature.
Q.3.

Ans.3

(a) Wrestling, discus throwing, javeline hurling, long jumping,
sprinting.
(b) a plate of bronze
(c) envoys
(d) brutal
(e) The four festivals of ancient Greek are the Isthmian Games, the
Pythian Games, the Nemean Games, the Olympic Games.
(f) The Olympic games were played in the summer every four years
at Olympia.
(g) Paying tribute to Zeus and to test the proficiency of their athletic
feats were the two main motives.
(h) In boxing the fighters, at first wound straps of soft leather over
their fingers as a means of deadening the blows, but in later times
hard leather, sometimes weighted with metal was used. Thus
boxing became more brutal.
(i) A wrestler was declared to be the winner if he threw his opponent
to the ground three times.

ABC

Model  Unseen Passage

Model  Unseen Passage-Olympic games

Olympic games