In Ancient Times ,India has been a treasure of herbal and medicinal plants. In present times unfortunately one species of herb is becoming extinct every day in the world .
In the field of ayurved ,India has been a pioneer , since the very beginninning. “ charak Sahita “ written by Acharya charak and ‘Sushrut’ sanhita by Acharya Sushrut are the valuable treasures of such knowledge.
In india , out of many varieties of the medicinal herb around 7500 varieties are being used in treatment of different disease, the demand of many of such herbs is increasing at a very high rate . for example – white Moosli (Chlorophytm – Tuberosum) shatavri (asparagns – Ruceonosus) ,Shankhpushpi (Evolvulus), Ashvagandha (Withania- somnifera), Sarpgandha (Ranwoplfia -serpentina),Nagarmotha (cyperus – seariousus) Giloe (Tinospore – cordifolia) etc.
Primitive Adivasi Baigas in tribal area are popularly known as Vaidya (the country physician) ,Mandla ,Dindori and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh have large Baiga population . The so- called “ Gunias” of Goand tribe have sufficient knowledge of herbs and medicinal plants . They treat various diseases with the help of these herbs.
Description regarding usefulness of some important herbs/ plants and the method of their application is given :-
1. Mulethi : –
In Sanskrit verson , ‘Mulethi’ is called ‘ Madhuk ’ because of its sweet taste . its plant is generally 2 to 2.5 ft. high ,leaves are long , greenish and the flowers are white and purple coloured . its roots and ‘Sat- Mulethi’ are generally ,available in the shops of a Pansari in kirana market and can be purchased from there.
Medicinal use Chewing Mulethi gives relief from diseases like Pharangitis and mouth – ulcer . it is also useful in healing of peptic ulcer and applying of its paste on abscess helps quick bursting of its and then heals it very quickly . it is also useful in treating cough and heart diseases.