Hello Friends ,

Today we are going to tell you FIGURES OF SPEECH so friends read and share it .


A Figure of speech is used in a  language to produce a greater effect on the reader or the  listener. when we use it , the ordinary ideas become extraordinary resultantly the  beauty of the  language increases manifold. Wren and Martin define a figure of speech as a  departure from the ordinary from of expression or the  ordinary course of ideas in order to produce a  greater effect. Nesfield states, ” A figure of Speech is a deviation  from the ordinary use of words with a view to increase their effect.” 

               The main figures of Speech are :

  1. Simile
  2. Metaphor
  3. Personification
  4. Apostrophe
  5. Oxymoron
  6. Onomatopoeia
  7. Hyperbole
  8. Alliteration
  9. Antithesis

Simile : –

When there is a comparison of at least one common point between two objects , the figure of speech is called ‘simile’ . It is introduced by such words as ‘like’, ‘as’ , ‘as…’ , ‘so’ , or ‘so as’ etc.

However , a comparison of two things of the same kind cannot be called a simile.

For Example- 1. Life is like a dream.

2. She is as beautiful as a rose.

3.Her words are sweet like honey.

Metaphor : –

A Metaphor is a figure of speech in which two  things are  treated as one  while  comparing them . The words like ‘as’, ‘like’ , ‘so’ , ‘so…….as’ etc. are not used in a metaphor.

For Example : –

1.Life is not a bed of roses.

2. The news you brought is a dagger to my heart .

3. whose armour is his honest thought?

4. He is a vulture of the state.

5. Life is but a walking shadow.

6. I see a lily on thy brow.

7. He is the star of the family.

Personification : –

A Personification is a figure of speech in which lifeless objects or abstract ideas are spoken of as having life and mind .

For Example : –

  1. Experience is the best teacher .
  2. Love is blind.
  3. Death lays his icy hands on kings.
  4. Let not ambition not mock their useful toil .
  5. I am the daughter of earth and water.
  6. Time and tide waits for none.