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Computers Unseen Passage
Q -1.Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. (1×10=10)
Computers are capable of doing extremely complicated work in all branches of learning. They can solve the most complex mathematical problems or put a thousand unrelated data in order. These machines can be put to varied uses. For instance, they can provide information on
the best way to prevent traffic accidents. They work accurately and at high speed. This whole process, by which machines can be used to work for us, has been called “automation”. In future, automation may enable human beings to enjoy more leisure than they do today. Some
years ago, an expert on automation, Sir Leon Bagrit, pointed out that it was a mistake to believe that these machines could think. There is no possibility that human beings will be controlled by machines. Though computers are capable of learning from their mistakes and improving on their performances, they need detailed instructions, they need detailed instruction from human beings to be able to operate.
Sir Leon said that in future computers would be developed which would be small enough to be carried in one’s pocket. For instance, people going on a holiday could be informed about weather conditions. Car drivers can be given an alternative route when there is a traffic
jam. A tiny translating machine will enable people who do not share a common language to talk to each other without difficulty or to read foreign publication. Computers will also be used in ordinary public hospitals. A doctor will be able to diagnose the nature of his patients’ illness. Similarly, machines could be used to keep a check on a patient’s health record and bring it up to date. Book-keepers 2 and Accountants too, could be relieved of dull clerical work. Computers are the most efficient servant that man has ever had.
(i). which are the two main capabilities of computers?
(a) various uses, provide information (b)complicated work in all branches, put data in order
(c) Work at high speed; prevent traffic accidents (d) automation, save time and labour
Answer – (c) Work at high speed; prevent traffic accidents
(ii). What is automation?
(a) The machine that can think (b) Machines that can improve on their performance
(c) Machines that can solve mathematical problems. (d) The process by which machines can be used to work for us.
Answer – (d) The process by which machines can be used to work for us.
(iii). Computers can be used to _____.
(a) to find treatment for the patient’s illness (b) to prescribe a medicine for the patient
(c) to diagnose the nature of patient’s illness (d) to keep the patient in good mood
Answer – (c) to diagnose the nature of patient’s illness
(iv). What is the basic limitation of computers?
(a) Computers lack thinking and taking independent decisions
(b) Computers can rule over human beings.
(c) Computers cannot improve learning from its mistakes .
(d) Computers to be able to work need detailed instructions.
Answer – (d) Computers to be able to work need detailed instructions.
(v). Which of the following is an antonym for the word ‘disable’ ?
(a) obtain (b) prevent (c) enable (d) save
Answer – (c) enable
(vi). The verb form of the word ‘alternative’ is ____.
(a) alternate (b) alternatively (c) late (d) elate
Answer – (a) alternate
(vii). In future, __________may enable human beings to enjoy more leisure than they today.
(a) automation (b) performance (c) instructions (d) improvement
Answer – (a) automation
(viii). Sir Leon Bagrit Said that in future, _____________would be developed which would be small enough to be carried in one’s pocket.
(a) televisions (b) computers (c) machines (d) calculators
Answer – (b) computers
(ix). which of the following words from the passage is a synonym of ‘ freed’?
(a) relieved (b) captive (c) occupied (d) confine
Answer – (a) relieved
(X). Which of the following is the antonym of the word ‘simple’?
(a) complex (b) easy (c) uncomplicated (d) quiet
Answer – (a) complex
Q- 2. Read the following passage carefully and make notes on it, also give a suitable title. (4)
Dolphins are regarded as the friendliest creatures in the sea and stories of them helping drowning sailors have been common since Roman times. The more we learn about dolphins, the more we realize that their society is more complex than people previously imagined. They
look after other dolphins when they are ill, care for pregnant mothers and protect the weakest in the community, as we do. Some scientists have suggested that dolphins have a language but it is much more probable that they communicate with each other without needing words.
Could any of these mammals be more intelligent than man? Certainly the most common argument in favour of man’s superiority over them that we can kill them more easily than they can kill us is the least satisfactory. On the contrary, the more we discover about these remarkable creatures, the less we appear superior when we destroy them.
ANSWER – TITLE – Dolphins
NOTES – 1. Dolphins are regarded as the friendliest creatures in the sea
2. they helping drowning sailors have been common since Roman times.
3.They look after other dolphins when they are ill,.
4.Some scientists have suggested that dolphins have a language
5. these remarkable creatures