Aims of Teaching English

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Aims of Teaching English  –

· According to Thomas and Wyatt : there are four specific aims of teaching English at the school stage.
· To listen: The first aims of English is to lesten correctly what is spoken. A child should comprehensive the phone what are resided in the environment.
· To understand: It is feflected with understanding of the sounds that are spoken in the environment by the teacher or anyone else.
· To speak: It deals with the reading what is written and to speak that is own works.
· To write: It is reflected with the writing of that which is written or spoken.

The aims of teaching can be divided into two part:
1. General aims 2. Particular aims
1. General aims: these are the long term aims of teaching English. These aims are meant to be achieved during the schooling period of the pupils,
The study of languaage has four aspects:
· The semantic aspect: It means the understanding of the meaning and its relationship as used in a sentence. It deals with comprehension.
· The phonetic aspects: It deals with the spelling and pronunciation of words.
· Graphic aspect: It is the writing aspect and deals with the reading aspect.
· Phonetc-cum-graphic aspect: It deals with the reading aspect.
2 Particular aims: Beside sgeneral aims the teacher should have definite, clear cut aims for each-lesson. These are called as objectives or short-term aims. These objectives should be precise, expressing and clear. The teacher may tell about his specifec aims to the students. For example:
i. If the teacher desires that his students shoulds do written work, he should first give them oral drill about the written work they have to do subsequently.
ii. If the teacher wants to improve reading aloud by the students, he must perform a model reading himself.
Principle of Language Teaching
· Principle of naturalness.
· Principle of learning by doing.
· Principle of practice: Thorndike says “The language is skill which depends on a continuous practice.”
· Principle of imitation

· Principle of motivation and interest.
· Principle of habit formation: H.E. Palmer says “Language learning is essentially a habit-forming process during which we acuqire new habits.”
· Principle of ratio and sequence.
· Speech before writing.
· Basic sentences.
· Principle of selection and gragation.