Q.1.What was the objective of Gandhiji in setting up Tolstoy Farm?
Ans. Gandhiji did not believe in the existing system of education. The objective of Gandhiji in setting up Tolstoy Farm was to find out the true system of education through his personal experience and experiment . He desired to show that true education could be imparted without textbooks through the parents without the least help from outside.
Q.2. Explain the vocational training introduced at Tolstoy Farm. 2015
Ans. It was Gandhiji intention to teach some useful manual vocation to all the youngersters. Therfore ,Mr. Kallenbach was sent to Trappist monastery. He learnt shoe – making there . When he returned ,Gandhiji n learn shoe making from him . then Gandhiji taught shoe making to such youngsters as were ready to learn it . Kallenbach and another inmate had some experience of carpentry . They had a small class in carpentry at Tolstoy farm with their help . Almost all the youngsters knew cooking .
Q.3. ‘Mahatma Gandhi was a great social Reformer’ . write your views.
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi was a great social Reformer – Gandhi ji held different religions in equal regard. He dominated the Indian scene from 1919 to 1948. His ideas influenced almost every aspect of national life . He gave courage , confidence and social unity to the people. He worked Zealously and sometimes he risked his life for the cause of the Harijans and communal harmony. He did intensive work for Harijaqn uplift in the 1930. He also launched an all India tour for Harjan works and set up Harijan Sevak Sangh to promote their welfare and uplift . He wanted to apprise the upper caste. Hindus to first reform their sins against the Harijans .He also advised Harijan to first reform their social and personal life. He brought equality for women. He. Believed in Hindu Muslim unity. He made the village the core of Indian life. He made india conscious of social reforms. His idea of religious unity made new India to be a secular state.
Q.4.why was Gandhiji not in favour of textbooks?
Ans. In Gandhiji’s view textbooks were not so much necessary. He never wanted to load the students with quantities of books. He remembered his own days when his teachers taught him things not with the help of textbooks but by playing a role to the students. Thus the knowledge that he got was unshakable and permanent . He too wanted to do the same for his students.
Q.5.what did the children do at the Tolstoy Farm?
Ans. The entire work of the Tolstoy Farm was done by the inmates. Gardening was made compulsory for all except those who worked in the kitchen, The children took utmost delight in doing most of the gardening work. They dug pits ,felled trees and lifted loads.
Q.6. Why did Gandhiji regard character building as the proper foundation of education?
Ans. Gandhiji regarded character building as the proper foundation of education because it was his firm belief that good education lies only in a sound character.